What Is Fishing Line Made Of? Know What You’re Putting On Your Rod And Reel

clear fishing line properly installed on reel and the rod

Whether you’re an avid fishing enthusiast or an amateur, you need the right fishing line. Picking the best fishing line is as important as choosing the proper reel and rod. It connects you and the catch. Assessing and reviewing your line is essential if you need to have a successful fishing trip. 

However, having seen most fish lines, I often ask myself, “What is fishing line made of?” I decided to do some research, and here’s what I discovered.

Just what is fishing line made of? You can find monofilament, microfilament, and fluorocarbon fish lines. In this article, we explore more of what goes into making your favorite fishing line.

What are the Properties of Fishing Lines?

red fishing line installed on a fishing rod

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Different fishing lines are made of different materials. The materials used depend on the type of rods you wish to use. Lines are specially made for reels that are reeled, case spun or cast with a hooked bait at the end.

Additionally, some lines have more weight, which helps the line stay at the bottom without the need for heavy sinkers.

How are Fishing Lines Made? 

Fishing lines contain different materials like Dacron, nylon, polyethylene, and Dyneema. These materials go through heat radiation to go through liquidation. The mixture is poured through tiny holes that work to mold the fluid into small strands. 

The melted plastic goes to the mixture through the holes, to make the lines challenging to break. The size of the holes determines the diameter of the fishing lines. With this, new lines come off and go through a cooling process. They are spun into round bunches, which are then placed on the reels.

Fishing lines go through this process. It’s essential to note that the combination of the substances may influence the line’s properties. For example, the proportions can dictate the line’s elasticity, how easy it is to cast, and how it withstands the environment.  

You may be wondering how fishing line manufacturers add colors to the reels; this happened when different chemicals are mixed. Although the colors are meant to make the pole pretty, they also enhance the fishing line’s width. The color also influences visibility. For example, less visible lines make fishing simpler. As a fisherman, you can also see the line in various fishing environments.

The Different Types of Fishing Lines 

Sometimes purchasing the best fishing lines can be overwhelming because of the different features and names. You need to assess your needs before settling on one brand. The angling technique, the location, and the water conditions you’ll be in are all critical in making the right decision. 

Nonetheless, you need to know the type of fishing line and what it contains, which gives you a better idea of what you’re putting on your rod and reel. 

Some of the common types of lines include braided line, monofilament, and fluorocarbon.

Monofilament Fishing Line

Monofilament fishing lines have a single strand of material strung from different fused stands. Although microfilament lines can be from different materials, nylon is a popular material in these lines. 

Various types of nylon combine into co and multi-polymers to produce different degrees of abrasion resistance, stretch, and strength. 

Monofilament line is affordable and has been in existence for years. Most anglers love the line’s slow sink rate, which makes it ideal for fishing topwater lures. You should get this line if you don’t want the line to sink too quickly. Also, it has excellent shock absorption due to the stretch.

Monofilament fishing lines are easy to handle due to their flexibility. They can work in different fishing situations. These lines are simple to case and manageable. Also, these lines have mono stretches, something that gives it an edge over other materials. 

The stretching prevents the hook from tearing a hole in the fish’s mouth, something that makes it simpler for the fish to come whole. Fishing lines with shock strength, which is the line’s ability to absorb energy are in demand than lines without. A line with shock strength can handle the impact of a big fish thrashing or a hard hookset. 

Although a few people may find the diameter limiting, you can use it when threading a bait through the cover. You can find monofilament lines in a variety of colors such as blue, green, or clear. Also, some brands like Trans Optic change colors from gold when exposed to sunlight to clear when below the surface. 

You can easily tie the knot without sacrificing the strength of the line. Other fishing features improve the line’s ease of use for beginner anglers. 

On the downside, the monofilament line is more susceptible to abrasion, unlike fluorocarbon. Some fishermen find it a challenge to set hooks on monofilament as it stretches more than braided and fluorocarbon lines.  

Fluorocarbon Fishing Line 

Fluorocarbon consists of different compounds like carbon, fluorine, chlorine, and other synthetics from hydrocarbons. The material is associated with polyvinylidene difluoride in fishing. Fluorocarbon’s molecules are tight, which makes the line heavy and denser in size. 

Fluorocarbon fishing line is abrasion resistant, something that makes it excellent for fishing in cover. The sun’s UV rays weaken nylon with time, but fluorocarbon doesn’t get affected. You get unique hooking setting with this line, which you wouldn’t get with the monofilament line.

Fluorocarbon’s extrusion methods and composition create a durable and robust line. Most of these lines do not absorb water like nylon monofilaments. They can retain their strength better than nylon monofilament lines, which lose their power when exposed to humidity or water. 

These lines have less stretch, unlike copolymer or nylon microfilaments. If you plan fishing in deep water, you’ll find the fluorocarbon line convenient as the hook sets are positive and robust. 

What’s more, this line is less visible, something that makes it ideal when you don’t want to spook fish. Research shows that Fluorocarbon lines are close to the light refractive index of water, which makes them invisible when submerged.

Fluorocarbon lines do not absorb water like a few Superlines. You can enjoy excellent handling, strength, and sensitivity with this line whether dry or wet. Another advantage is that fluorocarbon has a similar diameter to nylon and it’s difficult for fish to spot it; this gives you the benefit of conducting a pound test for abrasion resistance and extra strength. 

Unfortunately, fluorocarbon lines sink faster than monolines. You can’t use it for fishing topwater lures. These lines are also expensive when compared to monofilament. 

Moreover, fluorocarbon lacks shock strength, which refers to the ability to absorb impacts like headshakes and hard hooksets. Some users found that failure to wet the line when cinching down a knot doesn’t yield results. However, a Trilene or Palomar knot offers excellent strength. 

You won’t like this line as a beginner looking for a manageable fishing line. It’s stiff and has extra memory than monofilaments. Fortunately, you can correct this by pairing the line with a well-sized reel without dealing with the spool. 

The line is perfect if you’re looking for a sinking line. The material is popular in creating fishing leaders.

Braided Fishing Line 

Braided lines are a favorite with most anglers due to its strength to weight ratio and durability. Modern braided fishing line has a thin diameter unlike fluorocarbon and monolines with a similar pound-test rating. 

A thin line diameter provides many benefits like allowing the lures to run deep on the same break strength as monofilament fishing lines with less let back. What’s more, super-thin fishing lines give you a stealthier presentation when you find fish inactive or finicky. 

These lines take less reel capacity. Another added advantage is that braided fishing lines lack a stretch, which gives it more sensitive and robust hook sets. Superline is challenging to beat in angling situations when strength is a priority. It has powerful hook sets and a smaller diameter. 

Braided fishing lines have zero stretches, something that makes the line sensitive. You’ll notice that when the lure ticks bottom, you’ll be able to feel light bites and tell if other things interfere with your presentation. Superlines have excellent floating characteristics; this makes them ideal for topwater lures. 

Braided lines are more visible to fish than fluorocarbon. Moreover, it’s a challenge to secure the knot. Some users also noted that the color fades over time. Those with older reels will find it challenging to deal with the line in light strengths. 

These lines don’t twist like monofilament and lack spool memory, which interferes with knot-tying. However, you can make adjustments like tempering the hooksets, undoing the drag, and tying it back correctly.

Final Thoughts 

What is fishing line made of? We hope this article answered your question. With the above, you now have an idea of the pros and cons of each fishing line and the materials used in the manufacturing process. It’s essential to note that performance depends on the conditions, brand, and techniques that you use.  

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